Archives for June2015

What is the Difference Between a Software Engineer and a Computer Programmer?


The terms software engineer or computer programmer may be confusing to the average computer user. Most of us associate computer programs with the generic term ‘Software’. To us it may seem that the terms are interchangeable. That is not so. The role played by a software engineer is significantly different from that of a computer programmer. Before learning what the difference between a software engineer and a computer programmer is, let us see what is meant by the term software engineering and how it relates to computer programming.

Software engineering is a rigorous approach to development, maintenance and testing of software. These are engineers who must be knowledgeable about software requirements, design, development, maintenance and testing. They must be well versed with the tools and methods used for the development process as a whole. It is thus a convergence of the fields of computer science and systems engineering with a great deal of project management added for good measure. They are expected to have technical skills in addition to managerial skills.

A computer programmer on the other hand, is required to develop, test and maintain code that is to be run on the computer. He is responsible for converting the specifications provided in the software requirements definition phase into working code for the computer. Computer programmers are involved with design and maintenance of websites too. They should be proficient in analysis of programs. They are required to collaborate with manufacturers in developing new methodologies for software with evolution of hardware. Training, documentation and generation of reports are also tasks that should be handled by a computer programmer.

We can observe that the skill set required by a computer programmer is a subset of the skills expected from a software engineer. The computer programmer is a specialist in some areas covered by software engineering. A software engineer is in charge of the overall software development process and is expected to improve the reliability and maintainability of this complex process. A software engineer may have a team of computer programmers working under his supervision. 


Source by Pinky Maniri

How to Fix a System32 Error on Start Up the Easy Way


Getting a System32 error on start up can be very frustrating. You cannot log on to your personal computer due to some faulty error. However, this System32 error on start up is not just some faulty error; it is a critical error for your Windows operating system.

This error simply means that there is a missing or corrupted file in System32 of your operating system. You must remember that System32 contains the most vital files which your operating system needs in order to run. So if some or even one of those files has gone missing or has been corrupted, you really cannot run your operating system smoothly.

The easiest way to fix system32 error on start up is to reboot your computer system. In the rebooting sequence, you must press F8 in order to get to the boot menu. From the boot menu, press and select the ‘Boot Using Last Known Good Configuration’. This is going to automatically get you to the start up menu by using the original configuration of your operating system.

However, if you still experience the critical error after doing the rebooting process, you may want to use a Windows registry cleaner software. This software can scan the errors in your System32 and list them all. After listing them all, the registry cleaner is going to solve all your problems by reorganizing your registry and deleting unnecessary files in your System32. You can now start up your computer without encountering any System32 errors with the help of these easy ways.


Source by Logan Yanany

Malware Protection – Is Malware Protection Really That Important?


I am a computer tech and I am still surprised that so few people use malware protection to prevent their computer systems from getting damaged. I have done enough computer tech work that I can say I have seen almost everything, but yet the amount of malware I have to remove from computers is amazing. If you don’t know what malware is and why it is bad, then I will explain that in the next paragraph, but if you have suffered from malware than I am sure you will agree that it is a real issue.

Malware is bad software that acts like a virus. It often gets into your system when you browse to a nefarious site and then installs itself. The most common one I have had to remove lately will take over your browser (either Internet Explorer or Firefox) and reroute your searches and homepage to something else entirely. Imagine how much fun it is to open up your browser and not really be able to use it properly. On most of these systems I was unable to remove the offending malware and had to rebuild the operating system from scratch.

Malware is most definitely on the rise, as evidenced by the amount of infected systems I have encountered lately. You need to take the proper steps to protect yourself. Make sure you are running at least some form of malware protection. I can overstate the importance of this. If you aren’t using some type of protection you run a serious risk of having your computer hi-jacked. Please use malware protection so that you don’t have to be paid a visit by a computer repair tech!


Source by Dean Olmstead

Process Csrss.exe


CSRSS stands for Client Server Runtime Server Subsystem. It is a process created by Microsoft for the Microsoft Windows OS and it is usually found in the task manager as csrss.exe. It normally loads at boot time of the machine and its main function is of managing the majority of the graphical instruction sets under the Microsoft Windows Operating System platform.

The process csrss.exe provides the functionality considered as a critical component of the operating system, and its termination whether intended or accidental can result to the display of the Blue Screen of Death.

Csrss.exe is an essential subsystem that must be running at all times. Csrss.exe is responsible for console windows, creating and/or deleting threads, and some parts of the 16-bit virtual MS-DOS environment.

You will not be able to end this through task manager! It simply won’t let you since it is used heavily by the system’s kernel. The csrss.exe file is located in the C:WindowsSystem32 folder. Any other location you find the csrss.exe file, could spell out malware. Csrss.exe should not be present in versions of Microsoft Windows 98 and previous ones. The Csrss.exe process was started with the NT family of operating systems and continues to be issued with every version of Microsoft Windows till this day.

This is where the application splits itself into multiple simultaneous running tasks. Threads supported by the process csrss.exe are different from processes. In fact one process can be split into many different threads all running concurrently taken a part of the process tasks and executing it at CPU level. Processes and threads tend to vary from one another depending primarily on the underlying operating system of the host machine. With the process csrss.exe being the user mode portion, it is related to the kernel mode portion of the Win32 subsystem represented by the WIN32.SYS process, which is required by the operating system to be constantly running in all instances. Aside from being responsible for the threads and console windows, the csrss.exe process is likewise accountable for some elements of the virtual environment of the MS DOS platform. Basically, all instances of operations by the system that do not fall under the kernel mode are passed on to the csrss.exe process.

Common Problems Encountered related to Csrss.exe

  1. Csrss.exe uses 100% of the CPU When you Right-Click an item in Windows Explorer or on the desktop
  2. Your anti-virus is claiming that the file csrss.exe (which is needed and cannot be terminated in Task Manager) is the cause of a malware infection or problem.

Solution to these aforementioned frequently occurring problems

  1. Before continuing, make sure you have backed up the contents of your My Documents folder, and any other important data stored in your profile such as application settings. Once your profile is deleted, you will not be able to recover data stored inside of it. In order to delete your profile, you must be logged in with an account which has administrative privileges which is also not yours. Once you are logged in, open the user profiles list. To locate the list of local user profiles, right-click My Computer, click Properties, and then on the Advanced tab, click Settings under User Profile. Select your profile from the list, and then click Delete. Logoff, and then log back on as yourself. A new profile will be created when you log on.
  2. Locate the file Csrss.exe by going to Start -> Search and figure out if it is a Windows operating file by looking in the WindowsSystem32 and WindowsServicePackFilesi386 directories. The date stamps or last modified tag should be identical else if not, one of the csrss.exe files may be infected. Also check in your Startup folder. Csrss.exe should not appear there as it is supposed to be launched automatically during boot time by the kernel not by the startup folder. If it appears in the Startup folder, it should be removed. Delete the file once you have found it and decided if it is indeed a problem file. Csrss.exe can be a legitimate file and should not be removed just because you think it’s harmful. Deleting the good one can cause the Blue Screen of Death. Use a little detective work to uncover the problem and clean up your computer junk files. CSRSS is definitely not a junk file so make caution when dealing with it.

Problems 1 & 2 are separate problems, as are their Solutions 1 & 2 are not related together. The solution to problem 1 is solution 1, and the solution to problem 2 is solution 2.


Source by Jon Buchanon

Computer Information Technology – What it is & Why it is Important


What is computer information technology? To begin, it’s a good question-and quite frequently asked too. Basically, computer information technology (commonly referred to as “IT” within tech industries and the business world) is a term used to describe the design, creation, and maintenance of complex computer and networked computer systems. Many businesses and professionals use the term to also encompass the wide range of technology that surrounds the computer systems themselves too.

For example, computer information technology is often used to describe:

  • Computer hardware
  • Computer servers
  • Computer networks and networking equipment
  • Computer monitors
  • Software and operating systems
  • Printers
  • Copy machines
  • Fax machines
  • Office phone systems
  • Internet systems
  • Cell phones
  • Many additional types of technology and data management equipment

IT also represents the how all of these systems are used and how they inter-relate to one another at the same time.

In the Workplace: The IT Department

While it is not necessarily a rule, more often than not these days, a business’s IT department will typically manage all of the office’s technology needs, including everything from the procurement of computer and technology equipment to the installation and ongoing maintenance of the systems. In the modern data centered workplace environment we’ve come to expect today, ensuring the computer information technology backbone is operating effectively and efficiently has become absolutely mandatory to running a successful business or workplace operation.

Why Is Computer Information Technology So Important?

IT has become the lifeblood of how business is done. As our world continues to adapt more and more towards an information based society, managing the stream and storage of data and making access to data more and more reliable and easy to use is not just important from a profit standpoint alone-we’ve actually come to totally depend on technology 100% to make business possible.

In this type of environment, ensuring that every small “slice of the pie” operates and performs as it should is essential. Think of it much like setting up a chain of dominoes-if one piece of an organization’s technology system goes down, it is certainly going to have an entire chain of cause and effect throughout the entire organization.

Information technology is so important because it requires thoughtful and knowledgeable planning and development to create sophisticated systems that work seamlessly with each other to produce an end result of transparent functionality that we rely on. It’s almost like one of those things that we’ve just gotten used to-we’ve come to expect it to work flawlessly all of the time, only noticing it when something goes wrong.

This kind of operational transparency is usually the main goal of IT professionals. Making sure that data and technology systems work properly and dependably enables others to perform their duties without a hitch. Qualified IT professionals are always in high demand and generally well compensated for the services they provide.

It’s safe to say that computer information technology really is what makes the world of technology go ’round!


Source by Kathy Klossner

How to Get Trojan Horse Computer Virus Fix Fast?


Do you want to learn how you can fix a Trojan horse virus problem on a computer fast? This deadly program is harmless-looking to the PC and is able to bypass computer security easily. They contain codes that can install spyware on a computer and cause a lot of data damage.

1. What Harmful Effects Can This Computer Virus Do To Your PC?

Some Trojan viruses are able to create spyware inside a computer system. These spyware are used to collect information about the user, and the information is then sent back to their sources or other consumer sites. More deadly spyware will be able to record personal information such as usernames, passwords and credit card numbers. Popup ads may also be seen frequently on the screen.

A Trojan horse can also create a backdoor that allows hackers to access a PC without having to login. The hacker can then use the system to conduct illegal activities like hacking into other systems of financial institutions or send spam. These actions will not be traced back to the hacker, but they will be traced to the user of the hacked PC instead.

2. What Is The Fastest And Smartest Way To Fix Computer Trojan Horse Virus?

The best method would be to download virus protection software that is effective and up-to-date. These software are able to scan any computer for the presence of viruses or spyware quickly, and can remove them upon the user’s command.

There are manual and automatic scanning virus software available on the internet. The manual ones may be slightly cheaper but they require you to scan files manually and is very time consuming to use. I highly recommend automatic scanning software for better efficiency. I have personally used a great spyware and virus removal software to deal with all the viruses on my PC before in just 5 minutes. You can find out more about it at the website link below.


Source by Donald Chambers

What The Heck Is An MupSys Error?


Mup.sys is a system file with an important role in computer networks. However, errors in this crucial file can prevent a computer from booting correctly, or booting at all.


Mup.sys is used only by more recent operating systems in the Windows range –Windows XP, Windows NT, Windows 2000, and Windows Vista. The file is involved in a component of the operating system called a Multiple UNC Provider (MUP). It is part of a software system that helps networked computers communicate with one another to share files and peripheral components such as printers and scanners.

UNC stands for Universal Naming Convention — this phrase refers to how a network of computers using the same operating system uses a common language to describe the locations of resources used by the network, such as shared files and peripherals. This is not quite as complicated as it sounds. For the computer user, it means that the locations of the resources stored on a computer are described in the same way for each resource.

For example, when you look at the contents of your hard drive and click on a folder, the location of the folder on your hard drive is listed in an address bar. If you click on a folder or file, the location of the file may show up as something like C:foldernamefilename. This structure is used for every file and folder on a computer, as well as peripheral resources such as scanners and printers.

What does this mean in terms of how the Multiple UNC Provider system works? When a program on a networked computer tries to access a shared resource, it does so using a UNC path (the path refers to the location of the resource). The access request is forwarded to the Multiple UNC Provider, which then redirects the request according to which computer on the network is making it.

The Multiple UNC Provider, therefore, is part of a system that allows networked computers to communicate with one another in a uniform manner.


Errors in mup.sys are typically caused by a corruption of that file, or a bug in the Windows operating system that relates to the mup.sys file. These errors may prevent mup.sys from loading correctly on your computer. The problem with this is that Windows tries to load mup.sys every time you boot up your computer, whether your computer is part of a network or not.

Therefore, if the file is corrupted to the extent that it cannot be completely loaded, your computer will either crash or start rebooting every time it attempts to load the mup.sys file. In most cases, this happens even when the computer is booted in safe mode.


Aside from file corruption errors as described above, mup.sys may occasionally cause other types of errors, depending on your operating system and configuration.

An outdated or corrupted mup.sys file may be the root cause of a variety of non-specific network errors, most commonly in Windows 2000 and Windows NT. These may include errors in Distributed File System connections between domain controllers and client computers, as well as more general network errors in networks running any XP, 2000, NT or Vista version of Windows.

In most cases, the root cause of such errors, including most of the following, lies in using an operating system version that is not completely up-to-date.

Stop 0x50 Error (Windows NT 4.0)

This error occurs if your sound scheme is set to “No Sounds”. The system cannot handle this setting properly — it searches for a file called “close.wav” on the network at computer shutdown, even though sound has been set to off and the file will not be used. When this happens, a bug in the mup.sys file causes the error message. This may happen at every close down of the computer.

Stop: 0x0000000a Error (Windows NT 4.0 Terminal Server Edition Service Pack 6a)

This error can occur at any time. The error is regardless of system configuration or what applications are currently running. However, only computers running the above version of Windows NT are affected by this error.

Event ID 2012 (Windows NT 4.0, with Service Pack 3)

An outdated mup.sys file may occasionally be the cause of an Event ID 2012 Network Error in computers running this version of Windows NT. This error may occur when running an application that uses Btrieve engine version 6.15 (Btrieve is a database that uses a method of storing data that provides fast retrieval times).

Non-responsive Network (Windows 2000, SP1 or 2)

An error in mup.sys may occasionally cause computers across a network to become non-responsive when a networked computer disconnects from the Distributed File System.

System Error 53 (Windows 2000, Windows NT 4.0)

This error can occur when using a version of either operating system that has not been updated. The error occurs due to incompatibility between mup.sys and the Distributed File System.


Source by Ajeet Khurana

Chrome Hangs – Why Google Chrome Hangs and How Do I Fix It


Why Chrome hangs in my PC? Are you looking for an answer to this question and want to fix this problem? Undoubtedly Google Chrome is one of the finest browsers ever made. It is fast, secure and elegant. However, due to some internal errors in the system there sometimes occur problems with this browser.

Here are listed some tested techniques that will help you to identify why Google Chrome hangs and what you can do to fix this problem.

Repair and Clean Registry Errors: The errors in Chrome are mostly linked to the flash problems. The active-x and file association errors are the major culprits. Repairing these registry errors through an efficient registry repairing program shall be the first step to fix the hanging problem with Chrome. I will surely repair my registry in this case.

Repair Flash: You may also need to repair your Flash player in order to stop Google Chrome from hanging. You can repair Flash in this way:

* Read this official guide to uninstall current flash player version (

* Reinstall some previous version of Flash player if the latest version is not working at your side.

Run Scans for Malwares: Sometimes due to intrusion of malwares in the system, Google Chrome hangs or crashes. To end freezing and hanging problems with your browser, running scan with an antimalware software is quite helpful.

If your browser is hanging or crashing all the time then updating the sound drivers may also help.


Source by A. Honey

How to Remove Safe Soft – Soft Safeness Removal the Quick and Easy Way


Safe Soft, or Soft Safeness, looks just like other scamware programs SafetyKeeper and Winifighter. Safe Soft will sneak it’s way onto your computer through a tricky trojan virus or questionable website. It will try to scare you into purchasing a ‘full version’ once it displays security threats after a fake scan. Don’t give this software your credit card information! It can result in identity theft. For now we need to avoid your files becoming corrupt and your system slowing to a crawl. Let’s get rid of this virus right now!

How Do I Know I’m Infected?

Safe Soft or Soft Safeness wants to spook you into providing a credit card for removal of made-up infections. So look out for a barrage of warning pop-ups, warning messages at your taskbar, system freezes and crashes, browser hijacks and strange new desktop wallpaper and/or icons. The first giveaway should be the slow, stuttering system performance. Given enough time, this virus will corrupt your files and put you at risk of identity theft by hackers who can access your system.

How Do I Remove Safe Soft?

Removal can be done manually or automatically. Manual removal is far more difficult, takes more time, and a single error can render your entire attempt a failure. A mistake can render your computer unbootable, ending in sky-high computer technician fees to get running again. Having said that, if you’d like to try, you will need to investigate your system’s registry folder, namely the LOCAL_HKEY_USER folder, and delete or adjust all DLL and LNK files with safesoft or softsafeness in the filename. You will also want to block all associated websites with a firewall, delete all related system files, and stop all related processes.

Automatic Removal is Quicker, Easier, and it Just Works.

For several reasons, I default to automatic removal tools. I don’t have the time to manually remove every virus I come across on a friend or colleague’s computer. I recommend three removal tools in particular. All three are strong and trusted, and all three protect the user’s system in the future when the next virus tidalwave hits. Automatic removal is the way to go for beginners all the way to experts, as it saves money, time, and protects in the future.


Source by Bob L Walker

Information About Computer Monitors


Computer Monitor also known as computer display or visual display unit. It is a piece of any machine powered by electricity in which it displays images through a device called computer. This monitor consists of display device, circuitry and enclosure. The modern monitors use the display device as TFT-LCD (Thin Film Transistor-Liquid Crystal Display) and the olden monitors make use of CRT (Cathode Ray Tube). So, these are the two types of monitors.

The Computer Monitor uses many hardware technologies to display the output. They are,

• Plasma display,
• Video projectors like CRT, LCD, and DLP etc.
• FED (Field Emission Display).
• Vector displays etc.

The performance of the Computer Monitor can be measured using the parameters like luminance, aspect ratios, display resolution, dot pitch, response time, refresh rate and viewing angle. The various problems that take place in the monitor are dead pixels, stuck pixels, glare, incomplete spectrum etc.

The various features with the Computer Monitor are power saving, touch screen, glossy screen and integrated accessories. The major manufacturers are Acer, Apple Inc, Samsung, Sony, Dell, HP and even more. So, it shows pictures on the screen. It is an electronic device which is used to see the programs on a computer. This has a better resolution than the television and it does not have tuners to change the channels.

The screen size is based on the distance between two opposite screen corners. So, computer display modes are used to know the size of the monitor. The various interfaces are used to communicate with the computer. They are computer terminals, composite signal, digital monitors and TTL monitors. More than one monitor can be attached to the same device. This can be done in two ways and it includes,

• Mirroring or cloning,
• Extension.

CRT is the picture tube of the monitor. In this, the screen is coated with the phosphor dots and each dots termed as one pixel. The back of CRT is the negatively charged cathode. So, this is important to the monitor to display the images.


Source by Jeffrey Frasco